This chapter, by Jeppe Nicolaisen, presents a critical review of the theories that have formed and/or continue to form the basic assumptions underlying citation analysis.
What is Citation Analysis?
Citation Analysis, also called bibliometrics, is the study of citations to and from documents. This study allows one to determine the impact of ones work by the frequency with which it is cited.
Common bibliometric databases are:
According to the Dictionary for Library and Information Science, bibliometrics is the "use of mathematical and statistical methods to study and identify patterns in the usage of materials and services within a library or to analyse the historical development of a specific body of literature, especially its authorship, publication and use." (2004, 73]
A brief history of where scientific citations came from. David Pendlebury of Thomson Reuters gives us the lowdown.